Having diabetes can greatly increase your risk for heart disease and stroke, two leading causes of death. In fact, adults with diabetes have heart disease death rates about two to four times higher than adults without diabetes. The risk for stroke is two to four times higher among people with diabetes.
Type I diabetes, or juvenile diabetes, is a condition where the body doesn’t produce enough insulin. This type of diabetes accounts for only about five percent of all diabetes cases.
The vast majority of people with diabetes have Type 2 diabetes. With Type 2 diabetes, the body doesn’t produce enough insulin or the body ignores the insulin, raising blood sugar levels. Some people are at a higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes.
- Being African American, Latino, Native American, Asian American, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
- Having a family history of diabetes
- Being overweight
- Physical Inactivity
- Eating a high-fat diet
What You Can Do
- Lose weight
- Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables and fiber
- Monitor your blood sugar
- Work with your doctor to manage your risk of heart disease and stroke.
Diabetes can also be treated with medication. If diabetes has severely damaged kidneys or the pancreas, transplant options are also available.