Conditions and Treatments
Many studies have shown that high levels of cholesterol, whether in childhood or adulthood, can contribute to atherosclerosis, or the buildup of fatty plaque in the arteries, and then heart disease. Atherosclerosis in the arteries slows blood flow to and from the heart and other parts of the body. Evidence shows that lowering levels of cholesterol in children, adolescents and adults can help reduce the risk of developing atherosclerosis and heart disease. People age 20 and older should have a fasting lipoprotein profile, which measures total cholesterol, good and bad cholesterol, and triglycerides, every five years.