Insufficient sleep is associated with heart disease, diabetes, obesity and depression. Lack of sleep can be due to many factors, with a large number being attributed to sleep disorders including sleep apnea.
What are sleep disorders?
Sleep disorders are events that prevent the body from receiving adequate night’s sleep. These events can include cessation of breathing during sleep, frequent awakenings at night, difficulty falling asleep and staying asleep. Common sleep disorders are restless leg syndrome; parasomnias, such as sleep walking, sleep talking, sleep eating; and REM behavior disorders or night terrors. Other disorders may include narcolepsy and insomnia.
- Daytime sleepiness
- Falling asleep at inappropriate times
- Excessive movement during sleep
- Morning headache and dry mouth
- Waking not feeling rested
What You Can Do
People who suspect they have a sleep disorder, should talk with their physician to see if they may benefit from a sleep study. Treatment options vary depending on the condition. For obstructive sleep apnea, the most common treatment is the use of a CPAP or BiPAP machine, mechanisms that use pressure to hold the airway open during sleep. Other treatments can include a combination of medications and better sleep practices.